Monday, October 10, 2011

Coherent and incoherent addition of waves

If the waves are coherent, then the resultant intensity is given by

I = I1 + I2 + 2 √(I1 I2 Cos Θ), where Θ is the phase difference between two waves. For the constructive interference the value of Θ = 0°, so that the Cos Θ = 1 and for the destructive interference the value of  Θ = 90°, so that the Cos Θ = 0.

In case of the incoherent sources or waves we can the intensity simply by algebraic method that means I = I1 + I2.

Watch the video below for detailed derivation

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